Sunday, June 1, 2014

The Crockett and Huguenots Historical Connection

The Crockett and Huguenots Historical Connection

Check out the Descendants of the Huguenot Colonists on Facebook
Societies record the important events in History. As the Crockett family line has it's place in History via Davy Crockett, so to the Crockett family Line has it's place in history via the Huguenots.

The Huguenot Society of  the Founders Manakin in the Colony of Virginia: http://huguenot-manakin.org/manakin/history.php site in the Huguenots Ancestry of all the family surnames having played their historical role in the Huguenot History, the Crockett family Line.

*CROCKETT, CROCKETAGUE, Antoine, Samuel, Joseph Louis #


John Crockett was one of the Overmountain Men who fought in the Battle of Kings Mountain during the American Revolutionary War.
The Overmountain Men were American frontiersmen from west of the Appalachian Mountains who took part in the American Revolutionary War. While they were present at multiple engagements in the war's Southern Campaign, they are best known for their role in the American victory at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overmountain_Men
The Battle of Kings Mountain, October 7, 1780, was a decisive Patriot victory in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. Frontier militia loyal to the United States overwhelmed the Loyalist American militia led by British Major Patrick Ferguson of the 71st Foot. In "The Winning of the West", Theodore Roosevelt wrote of Kings Mountain, "This brilliant victory marked the turning point of the American Revolution."
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kings_Mountain
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John Crockett served under Col. Isaac Shelby in the Battle of King's Mountain, and was a magistrate presiding whrn Andrew Jackson received his license to practice law. Was also a commissioner of building roads. In 1783 he was a Frontier Ranger. His name appears on the Tax List of Green Co. NC, now TN, for 1783. In 1786 he lived at Limestone Creek, TN. A few years later the family moved to a place in the same country ten miles north of Greenville. John Crockett, who in 1792, lived two miles East of where Morristown, Tennessee, is now located, near Phelps Smith, Richard Thompson and Isaac Martin. John Crockett did not tarry long at the mouth of the Limestone River, after David was born. In fact, David Crockett in 1792, when his father lived two miles out on the Abington Road East of Morristown, was a barefoot six year old boy running around the house, probably one of the regular log cabin type of that day and time. The next move was to Cove Creek, where John and Mr. Thomas Galbraith built a mill in partnership. The mill and his house were destroyed by a flood, so he moved to Jefferson Co. TN and opened a tavern on the road from Abingdon to Knoxville, Davy was then eight years old and remained there until 12. Davy had left home to travel to Front Royal, VA on a cattle drive. From there he went on to Baltimore after being made an offer to drive cattle. He didn't retun home until he was 15, about 1801 and found John Crockett in debt in the amount of $86.00. Davy worked the debt off and returned to school working for a Quaker, John Kennedy. After Davy married Polly Finley he lived with John for several years and then decided to move into a new territory.
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Who Were the Huguenots

From the National Huguenot Society: http://huguenot.netnation.com/general/huguenot.htm
the Huguenots were French Protestants most of whom eventually came to follow the teachings of John Calvin, and who, due to religious persecution, were forced to flee France to other countries in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Some remained, practicing their Faith in secret.

The Protestant Reformation began by Martin Luther in Germany about 1517, spread rapidly in France, especially among those having grievances against the established order of government. As Protestantism grew and developed in France it generally abandoned the Lutheran form, and took the shape of Calvinism. The new "Reformed religion" practiced by many members of the French nobility and social middle-class, based on a belief in salvation through individual faith without the need for the intercession of a church hierarchy and on the belief in an individual's right to interpret scriptures for themselves, placed these French Protestants in direct theological conflict with both the Catholic Church and the King of France in the theocratic system which prevailed at that time. Followers of this new Protestantism were soon accused of heresy against the Catholic government and the established religion of France, and a General Edict urging extermination of these heretics (Huguenots) was issued in 1536. Nevertheless, Protestantism continued to spread and grow, and about 1555 the first Huguenot church was founded in a home in Paris based upon the teachings of John Calvin. The number and influence of the French Reformers (Huguenots) continued to increase after this event, leading to an escalation in hostility and conflict between the Catholic Church/State and the Huguenots. Finally, in 1562, some 1200 Huguenots were slain at Vassey, France, thus igniting the French Wars of Religion which would devastate France for the next thirty-five years.

The Edict of Nantes, signed by Henry IV in April, 1598, ended the Wars of Religion, and allowed the Huguenots some religious freedoms, including free exercise of their religion in 20 specified towns of France.

The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in October, 1685, began anew persecution of the Huguenots, and hundreds of thousands of Huguenots fled France to other countries. The Promulgation of the Edict of Toleration in November, 1787, partially restored the civil and religious rights of Huguenots in France.

Since the Huguenots of France were in large part artisans, craftsmen, and professional people, they were usually well-received in the countries to which they fled for refuge when religious discrimination or overt persecution caused them to leave France. Most of them went initially to Germany, the Netherlands, and England, although some found their way eventually to places as remote as South Africa. Considerable numbers of Huguenots migrated to British North America, especially to the Carolinas, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and New York. Their character and talents in the arts, sciences, and industry were such that they are generally felt to have been a substantial loss to the French society from which they had been forced to withdraw, and a corresponding gain to the communities and nations into which they settled.

Origin of the Word Huguenot

The exact origin of the word Huguenot is unknown, but many consider it to be a combination of Flemish and German. Protestants who met to study the Bible in secret were called Huis Genooten, meaning "house fellows." They were also referred to as Eid Genossen, or "oath fellows" meaning persons bound by an oath. Two possible but different derivations incorporating this concept can be found in the Encyclopedia Britannica: 1. "Huguenot", according to Frank Puaux, at one time President of the Socitie Francaise de l'Historie du Protestantisme Francais and author of the article about the Huguenots in the eleventh edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica:
"is the name given from about the middle of the sixteenth century to the Protestants of France. It was formerly explained as coming from the German Eldgenosen, the designation of the people of Geneva at the time when they were admitted to the Swiss Confederation. This explanation is now abandoned. The words HuguenotHuguenots, are old French words, common in fourteenth and fifteenth-century charters. As the Protestants called the Catholics papistes, so the Catholics called the protestantshuguenots. The Protestants at Tours used to assemble by night near the gate of King Hugo, whom the people regarded as a spirit. A monk, therefore, in a sermon declared that the Lutherans ought to be called Huguenots, as kinsmen of King Hugo, inasmuch as they would only go out at night as he did. This nickname became popular from 1560 onwards, and for a long time the French Protestants were always known by it."
2. The current edition Encyclopedia Britannica offers a somewhat different explanation, although agreeing the word is a derivative of the German word Eldgenosen:
"The origin of the name is uncertain, but it appears to have come from the word aignos, derived from the German Eldgenosen (confederates bound together by oath), which used to describe, between 1520 and 1524, the patriots of Geneva hostile to the duke of Savoy. The spelling Huguenot may have been influenced by the personal name Hugues, "Hugh"; a leader of the Geneva movement was one Besancon Hugues (d. 1532)."







[Huguenot Society Home Page]



The National Huguenot Society
Last Revised: October 6, 2009

The Matlock - Crockett Connection

The Matlock and Crockett Family Line
Connects via
Nettie May Bradberry
 (GENERATION No. 5 of the Crockett Family Line)
(5th Great Granddaughter of Aaron Crockett, brother of David (Davy Crockett)
and 5th Great Niece to the Historical Davy Crockett)

Story Title:
Monseiur de la Croquetagne
Submitted By: William D Blanton (Ancestry.com)

"The Crocketts were the descendants of Monsieur de la Croquetagne, captain in the Royal Guard of the king of France, Louis XIV. As a Huguenot, he or his descendants eventually fled France in the 17th Century and migrated to Ireland."

The Origin of the Matlock Name

Origins of the Matlocks

Located in Derbyshire, England is the county town called Matlock. The history according to Wikipedia is that Matlock was a former spa town. Matlock ( from the Old English for Moot Oak[1]) lies on the River Derwent, and has prospered from both the hydrotherapy industry and the mills constructed on the river and its tributary Bentley Brook. It was an unimportant collection of small villages — Matlock Town, Matlock GreenMatlock BridgeMatlock Bank — until thermal springs were discovered in 1698.[2]
The population increased rapidly in the 1800s, largely due to hugely popular hydros being built.[3] At one
stage there were around twenty hydros, most on Matlock Bank. The largest was built in 1853 by John Smedley.[2][3] This closed in 1955,[3] and re-opened in 1956 [4] as the headquarters of the Derbyshire County Council. Matlock is also home to the Derbyshire Dales District Council as well as Matlock Town council.


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The Matlock Surname

 It isn't unreasonable to suppose that those who were and are born with the surname of MATLOCK should originate from the early inhabitants of the place known as Matlock in Derbyshire, England.